UGC NTA NET Exam Preparation | Comprehension | Reading Passage | Unit-3rd |Part -4 |

 UGC NTA NET Exam Preparation | Comprehension | Reading Passage | Unit-3rd |Part -4 |

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Climate change is considered to be one of the most serious threats to sustainable development, with adverse impacts on the environment, human health, food security, economic activity, natural resources and physical infrastructure. global climate varies naturally. according to the intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC), the effects of climate change have already been observed, and scientific findings indicate that precautionary and prompt action is necessary. Vulnerability to Climate change is not just a function of geography or dependence on natural resources; it also has social, economic and political dimensions which influence how climate change affects different groups. poor people rarely have insurance to cover loss of property due to natural calamities i.e. ;drought, floods, super cyclones etc.

The poor communities are already struggling to cope with the existing challenges of poverty and climate variability and climate change could push many beyond their ability to cope or even survive. it is vital that these communities are helped to adapt to the changing dynamics of nature. adaptation is a process through which societies make themselves better able to cope with an uncertain future. adapting to CC entails taking the right measures to reduce the negative effects of climate (or exploit the positive ones) by making the appropriate adjustments and changes.

These range from technological options such as increased sea defence or flood-proof house on stilts to behavioural change at the individual level, such as reducing water use in times of drought. other strategies include early warning system for extreme events, better water management, improved risk management, various insurance options and biodiversity conservation.

because of the speed at which CC is happening due to global temperature rise, it is urgent that the vulnerability of developing countries to CC is reduced and their capacity to adapt is increased and national adaptation plans are implemented. Adapting to CC will entail adjustments and changes at every level from community to national and international.

Communities must build their resilience, including adopting appropriate technologies while making the most of traditional knowledge and diversifying their livelihoods to cope with current and future climate stress. local coping strategies and knowledge need to be used in synergy with government and local interventions. the need of adaptation interventions depends on national circumstance. there is a large body of knowledge and experience within local communities on coping with variability and extreme weather events.

local communities have always aimed to adapt to variations in their climate. to do so, they have made preparation based on their resources and their knowledge accumulated through experience of past weather patterns. This includes time when they have also been forced to react to and recover from extreme events, such as flood, drought and hurricanes.

Local coping strategies are an important element of planning for adaptation, CC is leading communities to experience Climate extremes more frequently, as well as new Climate extremes. Traditional knowledge can help to provide efficient appropriate and time-tested ways of advising and enabling, adaptation to CC in communication who are feeling the effects of CC due to global warming.

Q.1 To address the challenge of CC, developing countries urgently require
(A) Implementation of national adaptation policy at their level.
(B) Adoption of short-term plans
(C) Adoption of technological solutions
(D) Imposition of CC tax
Ans (A)

Q.2 Given below are the factor of vulnerability of poor people to CC
(1) Their dependence on natural resources
(2) Geographical attributes
(3) Lack of financial resources
(4) Lack of traditional knowledge
select the most appropriate answer from the following
(A) 2, 3,4 
(B) 1, 2, 3, 4
(C) 3 ONLY
(D) 1, 2,3
Ans (D)

Q.3 Adaptation as a process enables societies to cope with 
(1) an uncertain future
(2) adjustments and changes
(3) negative impact of CC
(4) positive impact of CC
select the most appropriate answer from the following codes.
(A) 1, 2
(B) 2,3,4
(C) 3 ONLY
(D) 1, 2, 3, 4

Q.4 The main focus of the passage is on
(1) Co-ordination between regional and national efforts.
(2) adaptation to CC
(3) social dimensions of CC 
(4) Combining traditional knowledge with appropriate technology
Ans (2) 

Q.5 The traditional knowledge should be used throug
(1) improvement in national circumstances
(2) synergy between government and local interventions
(3) modern technology
(4) its dissemination

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