UGC NTA NET Exam Preparation |research Ethics| Unit-2nd| Part-9|

 UGC NTA NET Exam Preparation |Research Ethics| Unit-2nd| Part-9|



Research that involves human subjects or participants raise unique and complex ethical,legal,social, and political issues.

It refers to diverse set of values, norms and institutional regulations that help constitute and regulate scientific activity.
Following are the objectives of research ethics
  • To protect human participants
  • To ensure that research is conducted in a way that serves interests of individuals, group and society as a whole.
  • To examine specific research activities and projects for their ethical soundness, looking at issues such as the management of risk, protection of confidentiality and the process of informed consent.
Research involving vulnerable persons, which may include children, persons with developmental or cognitive disabilities, persons who are institutionalised, the homeless or those without legal status, raises ethical issues in research context. conduct of human research in developing countries, use of genetic material in research, protection of privacy in light of advances in technology and internet capabilities are serious concern for an ethical research.

Components of Ethical Research

  1. Voluntary Participation: In an ethical research all the participants in the research should be voluntary, which means their informed consent is required. the participants must be told about procedures and informed about potential risk. the consent should be documented in written form.
  2. No Harm to the Subjects: The research should be conducted in such a manner so that any harm to the participants could be minimised
  3. Confidentiality of Participants: In an ethical research the participants must be guaranteed their autonomy, privacy, dignity and confidentiality.


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