UGC NTA NET Exam Preparation |Application of ICT in research| Unit-2nd| Part-8|

 UGC NTA NET Exam Preparation |Application of ICT in research| Unit-2nd| Part-8|

Application of Information and communication technology (ICTs) in research is referred to the use of advanced digital technologies to support research process. it plays a vital role in enabling users to explore new and innovative research opportunities. without it, these discoveries and opportunities may not have otherwise been possible if only standard desktops or general purpose IT technology were used.

The researcher need to change with changing times and need to understand today's fast changing knowledge base and its peculiarities. ICT tools are mainly used by researcher for its ability to ease knowledge-gathering process and to enhance resource-development. the use of ICT is based on the individual's logical assessment of how various applications increase his/her effectiveness and efficiency in work and provide ease in communication with peers.
Generally, ICT tools help researcher in the following research related tasks
  • Identify appropriate information sources
  • Critically analyse information
  • Research effectively
  • manage information
  • use information to extend and communicate knowledge across subject fields
  • search to to ten databases and electronic resources simultaneously
  • receive results in a common format
  • link to individual database for more specialised searching 
  • select favourite resources and e-journals, save searches and records, and setup e-mail alerts
The possibilities of conducting research with internet and its virtual components by individuals and organizations are innumerable.

Role of Computer in Various Phases of Research Process

  • Role of computers in Literature review: Computers help for searching the literature (for review of literature) and bibliographic references stored in the electronic databases of the world wide web. It can thus be used for storing relevant published articles to be retrieved whenever needed.

  • Role of computers for sample size calculation: Several software are available to calculate the sample size required for a proposed study. NCSS-PASS-GESS is such software. the standard deviation of the data from the pilot study is required for the sample size calculation.

  • Role of computers in Empirical Phase: Empirical phase consists of collecting and preparing the data for analysis. the data obtained from the subjects are stored in computers as word files or excel spreadsheets.
This has the advantages of making necessary corrections or editing the whole layout of the table if needed, which is impossible or time consuming in case of writing in papers.
Thus, computers help in data entry, data editing, data management including follow up actions etc. computers also allow for greater flexibility in recording the data while they are collected as well as greater ease during the analysis of these data.
In research studies, the preparation and inputting data is the most labour-intensive and time consuming aspect of the work. Typically the data will be initially recorded on a questionnaire for its acceptance by the computer.
Todo this the researcher in conjunction with the statistician and the programmer, will convert the data into Microsoft word file or excel spreadsheet. these spreadsheets can be directly opened with statistical software for analysis.

  • Role of computers in data analysis phase: This phase consists of statistical analysis of the data and interpretation of results. many s/w are now available to perform the 'mathematical part' of the research process i.e. the calculations using various statistical methods.

  • Role of computers in research dissemination phase: This phase is the publication of the research study. the research article is typed in word format and converted to portable data format (PDF) and stored and/or published in the world wide web.

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