UGC NTA NET Exam Preparation | Indian Efforts for Climate Change and Global Warming| Unit-9|part-8|

 UGC NTA NET Exam Preparation | Indian Efforts for Climate Change and Global Warming| Unit-9|part-8|

 National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC): Government of india has launched 8 missions in 2008 as art of the NAPCC in specific areas i.e. solar energy, enhanced energy efficiency,sustainable habitat, water, sustaining the Himalayan ecosystem, green india, sustainable agriculture and strategic knowledge for climate change, which include assessment of the impact of climate change and actions needed to address climate change.

The 8 missions are

1. National Solar Mission: The NAPCC aims to promote the development and use of solar energy for power generation and other uses. Its ultimate objective is to create solar energy. other objectives include the establishment of a solar research centre, increased international collaboration on technology development, strengthening of domestic manufacturing capacity and increased government funding and international support.

2. National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency: It aims to promote energy efficiency by providing energy-saving certificates to companies, financing public-private partnerships to reduce energy consumption and reducing taxes on energy efficiency appliances.

3. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat: In this mission the aim is to promote energy efficiency as a core component of urban planning by extending the existing energy conservation building code and provide incentive to use public transportation. it also emphasises on waste management and recycling.

4. National Water Mission: With water scarcity projected to worsen as a result of climate change, the plan sets a goal of 20% improvement in water use efficiency through printing and other measures.

5. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem: The plan aim to conserve biodiversity, forest cover and other ecological values in the Himalayan region, where glaciers that are a major source of india's water supply are projected to recede as a result of global warming.

6. National Mission for a green india: Goals include the afforestation of 6 million hectares of degraded forest land, expanding forest cover from 23% to 33% of india's territory and enhance annual CO2 sequestration by 50-60 million tonnes in the year 2020.

7. National Mission for sustainable agriculture: The plan aims to support climate adaptation in agriculture through the development of climate resilient crops, expansion of water insurance mechanisms and agricultural practices.

8. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change: To gain a better understanding of Climate science, impact and challenges, the plan envisions a new climate science research fund, improved climate modelling and increased international collaboration. it also encourages private sector initiatives to develop the adaptation and mitigation technologies through venture capital funds.

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