UGC NTA NET Exam Preparation | Barriers to Effective Communication |Unit-4th |Part-7th|

UGC NTA NET Exam Preparation | Barriers to Effective Communication |Unit-4th |Part-7th|

Barriers to communication are those factors which produce obstacle in the way of reaching message to the receiver. Accordingly, following are the barriers to communication

1. Language or Linguistic Barriers: 

Language means using words to deliver something to the receiver. it includes both verbal and non-verbal communication. Through the following points, we can understand easily, how language makes barriers to effective communication.

  • If the language is constructed badly or faulty or there are mistakes in the message, then the receiver will find difficulty to understand correctly.
  • There are certain assumptions underlying a communication. If the receiver is not clear about these assumptions, the purpose of the communication would be lost.
  • When communication in same language, the terminology used in a message may act as a barrier if it is not fully understood by the receivers. for e.g., a message that includes a lot of specialist jargon (technical expression ) and abbreviations will not be understood by a receiver who is not familiar with the terminology used.
  • If a message written in one language and translated into another language, then, it is highly important that the translation should be free from errors or omissions. therefore, the receiver can easily understand.

2. Semantic Barriers: 

The semantic barriers refers to the misunderstanding b/w the sender and receiver arising due to the different meanings of words, and other symbols used in the communication. The semantic barriers usually arise when the information is not in the simple language and contains those words or symbols that have multiple meaning.

3. Psychological or Emotional Barriers:

Following are psychological or emotional barriers to the effective Communication

  • Some people have the tendency to form a judgement before listening to the entire message.
  • If the receiver is pre-occupied with other matters then he can not properly listen to or attend to a message.
  • When communication passes through several levels or channels, each transmission, may cause some distortion by omission or fault. Thus,poor retention of information has been received by the receiver.
  • When emotions are strong. it is difficult to know the frame of mind of other person or group. emotional attitudes of both, the communication as well as the receivers obstruct free flow of transmission and understanding of messages.
  • The attitude of a person to interpreted the message in accordance with his self-concept, also affects communication. The communication responds favourably to those message that reinforce his self-concept. he also rejects those message that are perceived to be threat to his self-image

4. Organisational Barriers

Following are the organisational barriers to effective communication.

  • If an organisation does not believe in free flow of information to the lower levels or in any particular direction, there will be problems of understanding within the organisation
  • The rules and regulations may restrict or circumscribe the flow of information.
  • The hierarchical consciousness comes in the way of effective communication in the upward direction.
  • If there are no adequate facilities for communications, there will be difficulties in ensuring effective communication.
  • Noise causes disturbance,distortion,confusion and interference in an organisation for transmission of message.
5. Personal Barrier or Status Barriers

Following are the personal barriers to effective communication.

  • In the event of unfavourable attitude of supervisors towards their subordinates in an organisation, consequently there would arise a barrier.
  • Lack of trust or confidence in subordinates, when the supervisors are not communicative enough with their subordinates.
  • A superior may give inly selected information to his subordinates, as to maintain status differences. it leads to lack of coordination b/w them.
  • subordinates, usually, tend to convey only those things which the superiors would appreciate.
  • Supervisors, due to overwork or otherwise, express inability to listen or in some cases employees may have lack of enthusiasm to communicate freely with their supervisors.

6. Physical Barriers:

  • use of medium with which the recipient is unfamiliar, it may lead to communication barrier.
  • Environmental stress such as high temperature, poor ventilation, etc leads to barrier in the organisation or at any places.
  • Subjective stress sleeplessness, ill-health, effects of drugs, mood swings, etc also affect the communication.
  • Surrounding area such as traffic noise, music, loudspeaker etc create some disturbance while communication takes place b/w two parties.

7. Mechanical Barriers:

  • In the absence of communication facilities, there is difficulty in reaching of a message facilities, there is difficulty in reaching of a message to the destination.
  • Channel noise, that includes any disturbance in physical transmission of a message, make barrier to effective communication. for e.g., disturbances in radio transmission, blurredness on TV screens, inaudibility in telephone device, and so on.
8. Other Barriers:

  • Stereotyping: This means that the content of communication is determined by the expectations due to inadequate distinctions of objects or events. This interferes with effective communication.
  • Ideological Barrier: The members of the organisation do not share the same ideological perspectives and orientations. This affects the effective communication
  • Filtering: It refers to the sender's purposeful and deliberate manipulation of information to be passed on to the receiver.

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