UGC NTA NET Exam Preparation: Professional, Technical and Skill based Education|unit-10|part-4|

 UGC NTA NET Exam Preparation: Professional, Technical and Skill based Education|unit-10|part-4|

Professional Education: 

professional program is a program that develops individuals to acquire special competencies for professional practice and develop skills in youths. it includes all those educational courses which provide training for livelihood. professional education is the component of technical education programme. 

The aim of this education system is to enable youths to get employment in government and non-government sectors after getting degree or diploma.

professional education includes curriculum based on banking, media,management,tourism, teaching, aviation etc. these curriculum enable youths to get opportunity of jobs in different sectors like auditing, editing, hotel management, finance management, managers and so on. this education system enable students to become responsible for their life.

important professional courses are BBA, MBA, MCA in management, mass communication/journalism master's in data analytics, B.ED, M.Ed, hospitality, global marketing management, and air hostess courses and so on.

Indian institute of Management(IIM):

IIMs are a group of 20 public, autonomous institute of management education and research in india. they primarily offer post graduate, doctoral and executive education programmes. the establishment of IIMs was initiated by jawaharlal nehru. They are registered as societies under the indian societies registration act.
There are 20IIMs located in different regions of indian states/UTs.
indian institute of management, calcutta was the first IIM to be set up on 13th november 1961 and soon later in ahmedabad on 16th december 1961.

Technical Education:

Technical education has a very important role in the development of human resource for the country. it creates skilled manpower, enhances industrial productivity and improves the quality of life of people. this education covers programmes in engineering and technology.

centres of technical training can be seen from the british period when first engineering college was established in the uttar pradesh in 1847 for the training of civil engineers at Roorkee. it is now located in uttarakhand. the indian institute of sciene was established in 1909 in order to provide research work and education in the field of engineering and science.

The first degree classes were started in university of banaras in 1917, which provided degrees in different disciplines like mechanical engineering, electrical engineering and metallurgy, which was founded by pt. madan mohan malaviya,

in order to promote technical education and to establish norms for this education, the GOI established the All india council for technical education (AICTE) in 1945. its headquarters is in ew delhi and seven regional offices located at kolkata, chennai, kanpur, mumbai, chandigarh, bhopal, and bangalore.

important technical courses are like B.Tech course (e.g. computer science and engineering, information technology, electronics and communication engineering, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, petroleum engineering, chemical engineering, aerospace engineering, industrial engineering, Aeronautical engineering), M.Tech (e.g software engineering, distributed computing, advanced computing, power systems, instrumentation & control system, micro electronics, thermal engineering, computer aided design and manufacturing, mechatronics engineering, hydraulic and water, resources engineering, chemical plant design, chemical process design, aerodynamics, biomedical engineering), M.Arch, surveyor training course and so on. there are many institutions which promote technical education in india.

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT): 

IIT are apex institutions by engineering education and research. they are governed by the institutes of technology act 1961 which has declared them as institutions of national importance and lays down their powers, duties and framework for governance.

The first IIT was set up in kharagpur in 1951 an soon later in bombay (1958), madras (1959), kanpur(1959) and delhi (1963). the university of roorkee was converted to IIT Roorkee in 2001.

National Institute of Technology (NIT):

NIT are autonomous public institutes for science and engneering education. they are governed by the national institutes for technology act, 2007, which declared them as institutions of national importance. the first NIT was established at Allahabad in 2001. gradually the no. has increased to 31.

Indian institute of information technology (IIIT):

These are a group of institutes of HE and focused on information technology. The IIIT s at Gwalior, Allahabad, Jabalpur and Kancheeppuram were set up by the ministry of human resource development (MHRD).
Besides the government funded IITs, in 2010 the union cabinet approved a scheme for setting up twenty more IIITs, based on the public-private partnership (PPP) model, funded by the central government, state government and industry partners in the ratio 50:35:15. There are 3 IIITs located at different places in indian states.

National Institute of Technical Teacher's Training and Research(NITTTRS)

It was established as an autonomous institute by ministry of human resource development to improve the quality of engineering education system in india. it is located at bhopal, chandigarh, chennai, and kolkata.

it also fosters research in the inter-disciplinary area of engineering education and offers consultancy and extension services for the total development of engineering colleges, polytechnic college, vocational institutions, industry, service sector and the community at large.

Skill Based Education: 

This type of education includes such courses which provide training and skills in different disciplines. duration of these courses can be from 6 months to 2 years. the main objective of this education is to develop skills in students and enable them to achieve a suitable carrier option in life. skill based courses are fashion designing, tourism, food processing, garment technology, s/w development, hospitality management and IIT courses like carpenter, cutting, technology technician, electrician, photography, embroidery needle work, health sanitary inspector and so on.

Industrial Training Institute(ITI):

These are post-secondary schools which provide skill education and training to students. these are constituted by directorate general of employment and training (DGET), ministry of skill development and entrepreneurship, indian government. after completion of the training, trainees/students have to pass the all india trade test (AITT) and they then get the national trade certificate (NTC).

As on April, 2016 there are around 13105 ITIs, out of these, the no. of government ITIs are 2293, while the private ITIs are 10812.

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